Why is the Quebec province of Canada issuing public health warnings about legalizing marijuana next year?
The Quebec Association of Psychiatric Physicians argues that based on their clinical experience, the bill is not acceptable in its current form and will expose young people to major mental health risks. AMPQ President Karine J. Igartua says scientific research shows that the human brain continues to grow until about age 25 and that regular cannabis use during this very sensitive period of brain maturation includes enormous risks. She said the risk of psychosis increases by 40 per cent for all those who have used cannabis in their lifetime and that consumption can precipitate the onset of the disease. One out of five marijuana smokers runs the risk of having a psychotic illness.
Quebec says it plans to hold a series of public consultations starting this summer on how to handle the legalization of cannabis in 2018. Ottawa has already tabled its bill legalizing the drug, but it will be up to the provinces to decide how it will be implemented.
New Research on Marijuana and Murder>
Marijuana is currently a growing risk to the public in the United States. Following expanding public opinion that marijuana provides little risk to health, state and federal legisl..
Dangers of Marijuana Experienced Firsthand
American College of Emergency Medicine
By Brad Roberts, MD, May 15, 2017
These(pot) stores are not selling the marijuana I had seen in high school. Multiple different types of patients are coming into the emergency department with a variety of unexpected problems such as marijuana-induced psychosis, dependence, burn injuries, increased abuse of other drugs, increased homelessness and its associated problems, and self-medication with marijuana to treat their medical problems instead of seeking appropriate medical care.
If we are going to use this as a medication, then we should use it as we use other medications. It should have to undergo the same scrutiny, Food and Drug Administration approval, and regulation that any other medication does. Why are we allowing a pass on a medication that very likely would carry with it a black-box warning?
ACEP Now offers real-time clinical news, news from the American College of Emergency Physicians, and news on practice trends and health care reform for the emergency medicine physician. ACEP Now is an official publication of the American College of Emergency Physicians.
Marijuana Opposition in Vermont Asks for Veto
Vermont anti-pot activists/medical professionals, educators & law personnel hold press conference at the Statehouse
asking Governor Scott to use his VETO power to stop the first state where legislators narrowly voted to approve recreational pot legalization.
Vermont’s Environment and the Trump Administration
DENVER NEWS: Potent Pot Raises Concern for Parents
DENVER — There’s a new marijuana trend and it poses new dangers for kids. Wax, shatter, dabbing are very potent forms of marijuana. They are legal, unless you are younger than 21 years old. But police, schools and parents are finding that kids are getting their hands on the products.
Following Colorado’s lead on pot is a bad idea
The Inquirer Daily News philly.com
by Hans von Spakovsky
None of that is true with marijuana, which today is many times stronger that what it was in the 1960s. Numerous medical studies have shown that it is far more likely to cause addiction, has no healthful properties, and in fact is deleterious to health. Long-term use has been shown to impair the immune system and cause short-term memory loss; its toxic properties can result in birth defects, pain, respiratory systems damage, brain damage, and stroke.
According to a 2014 government report by the Rocky Mountain High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area, the majority of DUI arrests now involve marijuana. Pot use by young people between the ages of 12 to 17, those most vulnerable to the drug’s damaging effects, is now 39 percent higher than the national average. Drug-related suspensions/expulsions from schools increased 32 percent, and the vast majority were for marijuana violations.
The use of marijuana by college students in Colorado was 42 percent higher than the national average, and the use by adults was 51 percent higher.
And what about the gummy bear crowd? Marijuana-related exposure for children aged 5 and under increased 268 percent. Colorado’s exposure rate was triple the national average, while the number of pets poisoned from ingesting marijuana increased four-fold. And this doesn’t take into account the increase documented in the Rocky Mountain report of marijuana-related emergency room visits and hospitalizations.
Marijuana-related traffic fatalities in Colorado have gone up 100 percent since pot was legalized. The majority of DUI arrests now involve marijuana. Pot use by young people between the ages of 12 to 17 is now 39 percent higher than the national average.
Oregon teens dead body found after suffering a panic attack at home smoking a “dab” (potent THC-marijuana concentrate)
Missing Oregon Teens Body Found
Brandon Powell, 18, left his house in the 400 block of Southwest Ivy Road early Sunday morning, Sandy police spokesman Officer Sam Craven said. Powell’s family told police he had a panic attack after smoking a dab, a potent marijuana concentrate. Powell left his home wearing only blue pajama pants and no shirt or shoes, Craven said.
From his mothers Facebook page:
The body of an 18-year-old man, missing since mid-March, was found last week, the Sandy Police Department announced. A 911 caller reported seeing a body floating in the Clackamas River on Friday near the Milo McIver State Park, according to a press release.
Your Teen Magazine for Parents: Interview by Diana Simeon
Legalizing Marijiuana Will Lead to More Addiction- Your Teen 360
In this first installment of Your Teen’s up-close look at legalizing marijuana for recreational use, we caught up with Dr. Joseph Shrand, medical director for CASTLE—a treatment center for adolescents—and instructor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School.
So is marijuana a gateway drug? Or not?
Again, for some percentage of the population it can be. That is what’s important. We’re not saying that every kid who smokes weed is going to wind up using heroin. That is nonsense. But there is no question that the vast majority of the kids I see here who are on heroin started with weed.
In this first installment of Your Teen’s up-close look at legalizing marijuana for recreational use, we caught up with Dr. Joseph Shrand, medical director for CASTLE-a treatment center for adolescents-and instructor of psychiatry at Harvard Medical School. What’s the message to teenagers when we talk about legalizing marijuana for recreational use?
Daily Mail: By Reuters and Jordan-Gass-Poore DailyMail.com
April 29, 2017
College students ‘are at a higher risk of using marijuana than their peers who are not enrolled’
Among college students, the proportion that started using marijuana ranged from 13 per cent to 17 per cent between 1977 and 2012, then those numbers crept up to 31 per cent in 2013, 41 per cent in 2014 – and 51 per cent in 2015.
Marijuana use among US college students is at a 38-year high, the study found.
‘We have been expecting marijuana use to increase among young adults,’ lead author Richard Miech told Reuters Health in an email.
Young adults today as compared to those of the past are less likely to hold the belief that occasional marijuana use will negatively affect their health, said Miech, a researcher at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.
‘We’ve seen again and again that when this belief trends down then marijuana use increases, and, conversely, that when this belief trends up then marijuana use declines,’ Miech said.]
President Donald Trump issued his first statement on medical marijuana since he took office. Trump on Friday signed a $1.1 trillion omnibus spending bill that will keep the federal government funded through September 30.
Newly published study (American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry):
Long lasting effects of chronic heavy cannabis abuse
Joannis N. Nestoros MD, PhD1, Elena Vakonaki PhD2, Manolis N. Tzatzarakis PhD2, Athanasios Alegakis PhD2, Markos D. Skondras MD, PhD3 and Aristidis M. Tsatsakis PhD, DSc2,*
Version of Record online: 17 MAR 2017 DOI: 10.1111/ajad.12529 Copyright © 2017 American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry
“The existence of hallucinations, delusions, and organic brain dysfunction in heavy cannabis users seems to be associated with cannabinoid levels in hair. The continuation of persistent symptoms 3 months after the discontinuation of cannabis abuse, was a remarkable finding.”
“We provide evidence that chronic and heavy cannabis abuse results in long-lasting brain dysfunction in all users and in long-lasting schizophrenia-like psychotic symptoms in more than half of all users. These findings suggest a reevaluation of the current classification of cannabis as a “soft narcotic” which erroneously, therefore, is typically considered harmless.” (Am J Addict 2017;XX:1–8)
Regular Article Corresponding author Laboratory of Toxicology, Medical School, University of Crete, Heraklion, Crete, Greece Address correspondence to Professor Tsatsakis, Director of Division of Morphology, Head of Toxicology Laboratory, Medical School, University of Crete, P.O. Box 1393, Heraklion 71003, Crete, Greece.
Highland County coroner: Marijuana is ‘gateway to hell’
By Gary Abernathy
Dr. Jeff Beery doesn’t agree with those who think marijuana is a relatively harmless drug that carries medicinal qualities and should even be winked at for recreational purposes. But Beery doesn’t just think marijuana is a gateway to more dangerous drugs.
“It’s a gateway to hell,” he says flatly.
Dr. Jeff Beery doesn’t agree with those who think marijuana is a relatively harmless drug that carries medicinal qualities and should even be winked at for recreational purposes. But Beery doesn’t just think marijuana is a gateway to more dangerous drugs. “It’s a gateway to hell,” he says flatly.
Marijuana Summit held in Cody, Wyoming April, 2017
Wyoming has yet to fall to legalizing “medical” marijuana. The reason why marijuana legislation remains not on the radar is because of education to some of the professionals who need to realize the harms from marijuana use. AMERICANS need to listen to why this state is WAY ahead of most other states- marijuana is NOT harmless, NOR benign.
Powell Police Chief Roy Eckerdt said after this week’s summit, “The biggest key in the conversation you hear nationally is nobody has died from marijuana. And there is probably some truth to that. It’s the use of marijuana that creates the psychosis that leads into an event that causes the death, which is what I understand that event was.”
The legalized marijuana the people are using in Colorado is not your father’s marijuana. It’s much stronger and more dangerous. That’s the message from a Marijuana Summit held in Cody this week. The Summit was held to inform Wyomingites about the effects of legalization in other states.
THE HUFFINGTON POST HEALTHY LIVING 03/02/2017 01:12 pm ET
Pot Products Are Now So Potent They Can Trigger Psychosis
LONDON (Reuters) Kate Kelland
According to Murray and Amir Englund, who together published a paper in the Lancet Psychiatry journal entitled “Can cannabis be made safer?”, the potency of cannabis has on average doubled worldwide in the past 40 years.
There is also evidence of a greater number of people in Europe and the United States seeking help for cannabis use disorders such as dependence or addiction.
The main active compounds cannabis are delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). Skunk and other more potent forms of the drug are rich in THC, but have low or barely traceable levels of CBD.
Scientific evidence suggests that CBD partially neutralizes the potent effect of THC, including reducing paranoia or memory loss? and experts say this is why skunk and other high potency cannabis products are linked to a higher psychosis.
LONDON (Reuters) – Policymakers should regulate the potency of cannabis products such as skunk and oil, aiming for a chemical balance that reduces the risk of psychosis without losing the drug’s pleasurable effects, experts said on Thursday.
Palm Beach police: Babysitter unknowingly eats pot cookies, calls 911
By Eleanor Roy – Daily News Staff Writer Jan 24, 2017
A Palm Beach babysitter who police said unknowingly ate chocolate chip cookies laced with marijuana ended up in the hospital last week after she called 911 and told officers she thought she was dying from a brain tumor.
The babysitter — whose name the Daily News is withholding — was watching two children when she ate some cookies she found in the refrigerator. According to the report, she started feeling sick about 30 minutes later. Officer Dean Morea arrived at the scene at 9:47 p.m.
“[The victim] was hallucinating and was stating that she felt like she was going to die and that she thinks she may have a brain tumor,” Morea wrote in the report. “[The victim] continuously asked us if she was going to die and to pray for her.”
Paramedics wanted to commit the babysitter under the Baker Act, but Morea recognized the victim’s symptoms as drug-related and urged them to wait, the report said. When he spoke with the two children, they told Morea that they thought the cookies belonged to their mother and that they only eat store-bought cookies.
The report stated a field test revealed that the cookies had THC — the active chemical in marijuana — in them. The babysitter was taken to St. Mary’s Medical Center for treatment.
A Palm Beach babysitter who police said unknowingly ate chocolate chip cookies laced with marijuana ended up in the hospital last week after she called 911 and told officers she thought she was dying from a brain tumor. A police report documented the incident that unfolded at a Midtown home late Jan.
Is Colorado’s Homeless Surge Tied to Marijuana Legalization?
The Guardian 2-29-17 Josiah Hesse
(An 8% rise in homelessness has fueled speculation over whether legalization boosted the numbers of displaced in America’s unofficial legal cannabis capital)
In Colorado, prominent politicians have sounded a warning.
“There’s no question that marijuana and other drugs – in combination with mental illness or other disabling conditions – are essential contributors to chronic homelessness,” Governor John Hickenlooper recently said in his state of the state address. The governor has proposed that some marijuana revenues, which reached $200m in taxes and fees in 2016, should be directed toward homelessness programs. Some read this as a legislator’s way of saying that the problem should pay for itself.
He has the support of homelessness advocates such as Daniel Starrett, a divisional commander of the Salvation Army. “The marijuana industry needs to accept responsibility for unintended consequences of their impact on society,” he said.
Read the article:
Annie Mae Noel has been on the streets since her Denver house, which had been in her family for more than a century, went into foreclosure in 2015. She also happens to smoke pot. “I use marijuana to treat my MS, it has nothing to do with me not having a home,” she said recently, standing outside the Denver Rescue Mission.
Mysterious Marijuana-Related Illness Popping Up In Emergency Rooms
The vomiting illness is increasing in states with legal pot
The Huffington Post 1-2-17 By Mary Papenfuss
The symptoms are severe abdominal pain and violent vomiting — and most doctors are initially stumped when they encounter patients with the problem.
Since 2009, when the federal government relaxed its stance on medical marijuana, emergency room diagnoses for CHS (cannabinoid-hyperemesis-syndrome) in two of Colorado’s hospitals nearly doubled, according to a study co-authored by Dr. Kennon Heard, a physician at the University of Colorado Hospital in Aurora. Now that cannabis is also legal for recreational use in the state, “we are seeing it quite frequently,” Heard told CBS News. “My colleagues are seeing this on a daily to weekly basis.”
A mysterious marijuana-related illness is popping up with increasing frequency in hospital emergency rooms, particularly in states where cannabis is now legal. The symptoms are severe abdominal pain and violent vomiting – and most doctors are initially stumped when they encounter patients with the problem.
A Blueprint for Countering Legal Marijuana
Hudson Institute: 2-27-17 David W. Murray, Brian Blake & John P. Walters
Countering the Threat of Legalized Marijuana: A Blueprint for Federal, Community, and Private Action
No society has ever gone where America is now headed, with the current and coming level of acceptable, even normative, drug use. The marijuana epidemic comes at a time when America has already absorbed shocks from a multitude of parallel behavioral disorders and challenges to mental health, driven not only by the burdens of alcohol and tobacco use as behavioral disorders, but as well by continued methamphetamine use and sharply rising opioid and cocaine use that together constitute, as a now chronic condition, a larger crisis of substance abuse.
A commercialized, aggressively-advertised drug market, flush with cash to deploy lobbyists and seek political protection in state and federal capitals, will hasten and institutionalize the capture of a new generation and thereby threaten new levels of abuse and mental disorder.
Recent reporting indicates that the Federal government will be taking a more serious approach to the marijuana threat and the enforcement of our nation’s drug laws. This is a welcome and long-overdue development, as the state-level legalization of marijuana is bringing with it significant and foreseeable costs.
How much grief can a father bear? When LORD MONSON’s son died in a Kenyan jail, his solace was his other boy, Rupert. Now he has gone, too, a victim of skunk
(Skunk in the U.K. refers to strong strains of THC-Marijuana)
By Sarah Rainey For The Daily Mail1 7:00 EST 10 Feb 2017, updated 05:28 EST 11 Feb 2017
Tragically, this bitter row was the last time he ever saw his son. On January 18, Rupert (age 21), who lived in Farnham, Surrey, with his mother and younger sister, took his own life after months of severe psychosis caused, his family believes, by an addiction to the drug known as ‘skunk’, a particularly potent strain of cannabis.
His parents — who are now reconciled after several years of estrangement — tried repeatedly to get his life back on track but his young brain was simply too ravaged to recover from the drug which made him hallucinate and hear demonic voices.
When Lord Monson’s son died in a Kenyan jail, his solace was his other boy, Rupert. Now he has gone too, a victim of skunk cannabis. Here, the peer talks of his loss and crusade to change drugs laws. The scene will be familiar to any parent whose children are in those fraught, volatile years between adolescence and adulthood.
Access to Cannabis Should Not Occur Prior to Age 21, according to a position statement by the Canadian Consortium for Early Intervention in Psychosis
HAMILTON, Ontario, Feb. 02, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE)
In response to the recommendations of the Task Force on Marijuana Legalization and Regulation, the Canadian Consortium for Early Intervention in Psychosis (CCEIP) has released a position statement recommending that age of access to cannabis not be prior to the age of 21, while also restricting quantity and THC potency for those between 21-25 years of age.
Read the article:
Source: Canadian Consortium for Early Intervention in Psychosis HAMILTON, Ontario, Feb. 02, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — In response to the recommendations of the Task Force on Marijuana Legalization and Regulation, the Canadian Consortium for Early Intervention in Psychosis (CCEIP) has released a position statement recommending that age of access to cannabis not be prior to the age of 21, while also restricting quantity and THC potency for those between 21-25 years of age.
NEWS The National Academies of SCIENCES ENGINEERING MEDICINE
Jan. 12, 2017 | WASHINGTON: FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
Nearly 100 Conclusions on the Health Effects of Marijuana and Cannabis-Derived Products Presented in New Report; One of the Most Comprehensive Studies of Recent Research on Health Effects of Recreational and Therapeutic Use of Cannabis and Cannabis-Derived Products. A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine offers a rigorous review of scientific research published since 1999 about what is known about the health impacts of cannabis and cannabis-derived products – such as marijuana and active chemical compounds known as cannabinoids – ranging from their therapeutic effects to their risks for causing certain cancers, diseases, mental health disorders, and injuries. The committee that carried out the study and wrote the report considered more than 10,000 scientific abstracts to reach its nearly 100 conclusions.
Currently, cannabis is the most popular illicit drug in the United States, in terms of past-month users. Based on a recent nationwide survey, 22.2 million Americans ages 12 and older reported using cannabis in the past 30 days. This survey also reports that 90 percent of adult cannabis users in the United States said their primary use was recreational, with about 10 percent reporting use solely for medical purposes. Around 36 percent reported mixed medical and recreational use. In addition, between 2002 and 2015, the percentage of past-month cannabis users in the U.S. population ages 12 and older has increased steadily from 6.2 percent to 8.3 percent.
The evidence reviewed by the committee suggests that cannabis use is likely to increase the risk of developing schizophrenia, other psychoses, and social anxiety disorders, and to a lesser extent depression. Alternatively, in individuals with schizophrenia and other psychoses, a history of cannabis use may be linked to better performance on learning and memory tasks. Heavy cannabis users are more likely to report thoughts of suicide than non-users, and in individuals with bipolar disorder, near-daily cannabis users show increased symptoms of the disorder than non-users.
A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine offers a rigorous review of scientific research published since 1999 about what is known about the health impacts of cannabis and cannabis-derived products – such as marijuana and active chemical compounds known as cannabinoids – ranging from their therapeutic effects to their risks for causing certain cancers, diseases, mental health disorders, and injuries.
WHY WE SHOULD HAVE VOTED NO ON CALIFORNIA’S PROPOSITION 64, LEGALIZING MARIJUANA – clickable link
The well-funded Marijuana Industry, with its endless supply of lawyers and lobbyists has put Prop 64 – The Recreational Use of Marijuana – on our ballot. Nothing about Prop 64 is written in the public’s best interest.
How much pot can be carried in California?
Here’s the shocking equivalent what one ounce of marijuana or 8 grams of cannabis concentrates which are now legal to carry in California because of the passage of Prop 64 (recreational legalized weed)
Proposition 64 establishes one ounce of marijuana, or 8 grams of cannabis concentrates, as the legal limit for recreational pot possession for adults over the age of 21. Here are examples of actual amounts of products someone could carry now that California voters approved the ballot measure on Tuesday, Nov.
Colorado Suicide Rates and the Connection to Marijuana See Graph by Clicking here: Colorado Suicide Rates & Cannabis.
What Child Is This?
By: Robert Charles | 12/10/2016, Townhall
“That would be leadership – and long overdue. So, pull the drug czar back to Cabinet rank, put Federal resources and smart people on enforcing the law, and educate the country.”
The Christmas carol is poignant – reminder of Christmas, and beyond. “What child is this, who, laid to rest …” the carol begins. “Whom angels greet with anthems sweet, while shepherds watch are keeping?” it continues. The stanza ends, “Haste, haste ….” Lovely, lilting, full of promise – like the birth of a child.
When the drug crisis hits home. The heartbreak of 50,000 dead is everywhere
By: Robert Charles, 1-4-17, Washington Times
Do not want to read further? It’s other people’s kids. It’s up to someone else. It’s not in my town. Beware the draw of denial. The latest numbers suggest Americans have grown indifferent, uncoupled from the reality of drug abuse at their elbows. The liberal, and frankly unconscionable, appeal to indulge in abuse of narcotics as “recreation” is where rational minds should part company. The result is a spike in emergency room incidents, fatal drug overdoses (which often involve opiates, but often start with marijuana), drugged driving (escalating nationwide), reported domestic abuse (always tied to substance abuse), and drug related crimes.
No one wants to read about drug addiction, abuse, overdose numbers and young death. Why should they? Why should anyone who is steady, healthy and cogent enough to be combing a newspaper, or scanning news on their iPhone care much about someone who – all the world assumes – lost their own future, made avoidable mistakes?
Marijuana Edibles: States Bite Off More Than They Can Chew
Colorado is not fully protecting its kids from pot, says experts
By: Carleen Wild | Updated Dec. 19 2016 at 8:34 p.m. HEALTHZETTE
Her biggest concerns for users are the negative mental health outcomes — including psychosis and suicidal intent. “We stand to lose a generation to this drug,” she said. “About 5 percent of the weekly to daily users [of the high-strength product] can expect to develop chronic psychosis, and again, you cannot predict who is going to be at risk. Lesser impacts that are often preludes to the more serious outcomes include anxiety, depression and panic,” said Miller.
Legalizing Marijuana: Pot Legalization is Revealing Unintended Consequence
By Markian Hawryluk, The Bulletin
“When have we ever as a society benefited from a sin tax?” Shemelya, with National Marijuana Initiative asked. “Look at the models for alcohol and tobacco and what they cost every year. They’re not even revenue neutral, and neither will this drug be. It’ll end up costing states more than they’ll ever take in, in tax receipts.”
S itting in her counselor’s office, the 41-year-old Bend mother of five fingered a plastic silver cross on a loop of clear beads. As the words became more difficult to form, she squeezed her eyes shut. Her mascara began to run.
A thumbs up to Governor Chris Christie for bravely standing up to the pot industry. His words are empowering!
Why any tax revenue resulting from selling marijuana is just “blood money”:
Governor Chris Christie says he will not buy into legalizing recreational marijuana, saying it’s a gateway drug and poison. Townsquare Media New Jersey’s NJ 101.5 presents “Ask the Governor,” an hour long call-in program with New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie hosted by Eric Scott starting at 7 p.m. EDT.
Prop 64: Warning from San Diego health experts about recreational pot
Posted: Oct 10, 2016 11:22 PM PDT Updated: Oct 10, 2016 11:22 PM PDT
CBS News 8 – San Diego, CA News Station – KFMB Channel 8
By Richard Allyn, Reporter
Shedding some light on dark money in Yes-on-64 campaign
Sacramento Bee | 10-8-16 | By: Dan Morain
In 2016, dark money continues to be the coin of the realm in initiative politics. Only this time, some of the nonprofit money is helping to fund an initiative promoted by good liberals led by Lt. Gov. Gavin Newsom to legalize recreational use of marijuana.
The Drug Policy Action, a nonprofit with an Oakland address, has given $4.7 million to pass Proposition 64. Nearly $4 million of that came from an entity called Fund for Policy Reform based in Washington, D.C. Billionaire George Soros, it turns out, is the source of that money, though you wouldn’t know it from campaign finance reports.
Recall the stench that emanated from the secretive $11 million that flowed into California politics in the closing days of the 2012 election. Seizing on an issue he knew would resonate with voters, Gov. Jerry Brown declared: “They’re ashamed of themselves. That’s why they conceal their identity.”
PBS Special in CO: The State of High, 10-27-16
In the premiere of Rocky Mountain PBS’ investigative series, “Insight”, news anchor John Ferrugia explores what is unknown about the risks of high potency THC for those who “dab” so-called “wax”, “honey”, or “shatter” that can bathe the brain with hundreds of milligrams of the drug.
CBS 60 Minutes Report on Colorado Marijuana
As five states vote on whether to legalize recreational pot, Dr. Jon LaPook visits Pueblo, Colorado, a town that knows firsthand the impact of the legal weed business.
Marijuana Threat Assessment, Part One: Recent Evidence for Health Risks of Marijuana Use
David W. Murray, Brian Blake & John P. Walters
Nov 2, 2016 Hudson.org Hudson Institute
Where more than one of these factors is present, the risks escalate; where the developmentally young smoke high-potency cannabis frequently for an extended period – most markedly those with predisposing psychological deficits – the effects can be catastrophic in their lives, including dramatic “psychotic breaks.” These effects appear to be, in some cases, largely irreversible.
And it is this “worst-case scenario” that, perversely, is being fostered by state legalization and commercialization measures, thereby ensuring the greatest magnitude of damage.
These finding are warnings of grave danger, with the promise of yet more to be discovered. Not all is “proven,” and not all establishes independent causation, but the evidence is strong enough, and growing daily, to activate in public policy a “precautionary principle.” That is, the evidence is strong enough to warrant a clear directive not to proceed further. Simply put, the pathway of (marijuana) legalization must not be pursued.
Thanks to advances in science, we have never known so much about the effects marijuana use has on the human body, particularly, the fragile brain. Yet, in a political era when scientific research is regularly marshalled to end public policy debates, the powerful, growing scholarship on marijuana has largely been ignored or dismissed.
Bartecchi: Marijuana dangerous, especially for youths
The Pueblo Chieftain, 10-10-16, By: Carl Bartecchi
One wonders how long it will take us to recognize and do something about this drug. Studies already have shown that there is a five times increased risk of a heart attack in the 60 minutes after pot use.
Heavy pot smoking during ones teens has been related to a loss of IQ points that did not return after quitting as an adult. Long-term use also has been linked to mental disorders such as depression and psychoses, especially in those with a history or a tendency toward mental illness.
It’s hard to believe how long we waited and finally did do something about the problems related to tobacco. Right here in Pueblo, our study showed that eliminating secondhand smoke exposure significantly reduced the number of heart attacks admitted to our hospitals. Our study repeatedly was reproduced in other cities in the U.S.
More Study Needed on the Link Between Pot and Psychosis
The Province 11-9-16 By: Gordon Clark
While the Schizophrenia Society of Canada noted that more research is needed to better understand the link, why are we risking the health of children — and potentially future violent acts linked to psychosis, even if they are rare — by removing the prohibitions on marijuana? Surely we should be asking those questions before legalizing pot. Certainly those who like to get stoned or who make a lot of money off the sale of pot — the ones pushing the pro-marijuana agenda on society — are not.
Canadians, especially lawmakers, gleefully rushing headlong to legalize marijuana should pause to consider the horrifying, heartbreaking stabbing death of 13-year-old Letisha Reimer, as innocent a crime victim as one can imagine. Gabriel Brandon Klein, the 21-year-old homeless man from Alberta charged with second-degree murder in the death of the Abbotsford Senior Secondary School student, and aggravated assault in the non-fatal stabbing of a 14-year-old girl in the Nov.
Marijuana: a potent disruptor for young users, whose brains are still developing
LA Times, 9-2-16, By:Robin Abcarian
“We have a child/adolescent unit that treats kids to age 17, and an adult unit for 18 and older, and we see young people in both age groups who come to the emergency room with florid symptoms of psychosis that appear to be associated with heavy use of marijuana,” said Tom Strouse, medical director of UCLA’s Resnick Neuropsychiatric Hospital. “Sometimes they have a known, preexisting illness, but many do not.”
Marijuana, he said, can cause psychosis. For some, it will be fleeting. But for those with a genetic or biological risk for a chronic illness such as schizophrenia, Strouse said, “heavy marijuana use may hasten or intensify the manifestation, and lead to a worse course than if you never used marijuana at all.”
Devan Fuentes made it all the way through San Clemente High School without drinking or using drugs. He vividly remembers the first time he smoked pot. He was visiting a friend at Occidental College, and decided the moment had come.
Opinion: High-potency pot poses risks to the developing brain
By: Diane Macintosh, MD, 5/15/2016
In my psychiatric practice, I treat patients with psychotic illnesses including schizophrenia. Most were born with a genetic vulnerability to develop the disorder, but many share another important life experience: they smoked pot from an early age.
Debate has raged across Canada about the impending legalization/decriminalization of marijuana. Canadian physicians, in their role as advocates for physical and mental health, have been conspicuously absent from the debate. This troubling void in leadership is apparent from the lack of informed discourse exhibited across all forms of media. Our failure to educate Canadians regarding the potential risks of street pot, particularly for a developing brain, has important social, physical and psychological implications.
In my psychiatric practice, I treat patients with psychotic illnesses including schizophrenia. Most were born with a genetic vulnerability to develop the disorder, but many share another important life experience: they smoked pot from an early age. Debate has raged across Canada about the impending legalization/decriminalization of marijuana.
Medical Pros: Toke At Your Own Risk
Doctors say health concerns for pot are worse than we think.
4:51 PM, AUG 19, 2016, By ALICE B. LLOYD
“Leaders in the health sector from Washington state and Colorado, where marijuana’s recreational use is widespread and often ineffectively regulated, know enough by now to take a step back and consider the ill effects. They presented findings and concerns on the health effects of cannabis Thursday afternoon at a National Academy of Sciences committee meeting in Washington, D.C. Dr. Leslie Walker, chief of adolescent medicine at Seattle Children’s Hospital, added her pediatric view to a Colorado public health official’s report of pot users coming to the ER with href=”http://www.cnn.com/2016/02/24/health/colorado-pot-er-visits/” target=”_blank” data-saferedirecturl=”https://www.google.com/url?hl=en&q=http://www.cnn.com/2016/02/24/health/colorado-pot-er-visits/&source=gmail&ust=1473010351346000&usg=AFQjCNGQZ_o9L6ruY-Gs10JIoZLKFesiHg”>grave physical symptoms. “For kids, it’s actually not uncommon. We have a number of them in the hospital at the same time. It’s not just the long-term users,” she said.
The disruption of a growing brain’s normal development is a heavy concern. Walker observed that research of particularly tragic cases has established links between schizophrenia and adolescent marijuana use. “People who use fifty times or more were much more likely to have a diagnosis of schizophrenia than people who had never used,” she said.
“The other part which is concerning,” Walker added, “is there are poorer treatment outcomes when you compare them to adult users.”
Leaders in the health sector from Washington state and Colorado, where marijuana’s recreational use is widespread and often ineffectively regulated, know enough by now to take a step back and consider the ill effects. They presented findings and concerns on the health effects of cannabis Thursday afternoon at a National Academy of Sciences committee meeting in Washington, D.C.
Addiction Professional magazine
August 18, 2016 by Tom Valentino, Senior Editor
As presented at the National Conference on Addiction Disorders in Denver, August 18, 2016 by Jennifer Golick, LMFT, PhD (clinical director at Muir Wood Adolescent and Family Services) stated “cannabis use does, in fact, pose serious, long-term health risks for adolescents”.
In spite of some particularly creative cases to the contrary presented by teenagers she has spoken with, cannabis use does, in fact, pose serious, long-term health risks for adolescents, Jennifer Golick, LMFT, PhD, told attendees at the National Conference on Addiction Disorders on Thursday in Denver.
How many more young lives have to derail from using marijuana?”
McClean said he spent three weeks in Bellevue Hospital, and now takes medication for his bipolar disorder, which he says was heightened after he decided to quit smoking marijuana weeks earlier.
Krit McClean, the male model who was arrested after he stripped naked and threatened police in Times Square on June 30, attributed his bizarre behavior to a “manic episode” in a new op-ed in the New York Post .
OREGON pot business collusion-corruption
The letter plays a key role in a state investigation into Siler, CEO of Cannacea, a dispensary that opened last fall in Northeast Portland. The fraud inquiry is the first of its kind in Oregon’s marijuana industry. Investigators also are examining the role of a company that Siler hired to help attract investors. The firm, Green Rush Consulting, worked with a felon previously convicted in a financial scam.
Relationships soured between Tisha Siler, a self-described herbalist and holistic counselor, and many of those she hoped would bankroll her operation. The venture spiraled into nasty accusations, multiple court claims against Siler and her dispensary and demands from investors that she return their money, according to court documents and the state’s investigative file.
Birth of an industry:
NORML and the proof behind the truth: how the scam of “Medical” Marijuana was sold to the public.
Please share this post with every concerned parent you know! Spread the Word about Pop Pot! If you tell a lie long enough, people start believing it’s the truth. We found a “medical” marijuana box in the middle of the soaps and toiletries of a gift shop in a state where lobbyists have been trying to commercialize “medical” marijuana through the state legislature.
Sen. Feinstein says “NO” to legalizing MJ
BY CHRISTOPHER CADELAGO, 7-12-16
Democratic U.S. Sen. Dianne Feinstein on Tuesday formally opposed an initiative on California’s fall ballot to legalize recreational marijuana for adults. Feinstein said the measure, Proposition 64, lacked protections for children and motorists and would clash with medical marijuana guidelines signed last fall by Gov. Jerry Brown.
Lawmaker who pushed medical pot in Md. is part of team applying to sell the drug
The Washington Post, By href=”http://www.washingtonpost.com/people/fenit-nirappil” target=”_blank” data-saferedirecturl=”https://www.google.com/url?hl=en&q=http://www.washingtonpost.com/people/fenit-nirappil&source=gmail&ust=1470001138513000&usg=AFQjCNEhTVQgEA6QFQRCNbGY0U75aJ9yCg”>Fenit Nirappil and Aaron Gregg July 16
The state lawmaker who led the effort to legalize medical marijuana in Maryland is part of a company trying to sell and profit off the drug — a position he never disclosed as he pushed bills and regulations to help cannabis businesses.Del. Dan K. Morhaim (D-Baltimore County) is the clinical director for Doctor’s Orders, according to a portion of a dispensary licensing application obtained by The Washington Post through a public records request.
Colorado Youth Marijuana Use is Not Flat
Region 16 (Boulder, Broomfield): High school seniors in this region reported the highest rate of past-month use among 12th graders in the state. In 2015, 42.2 percent of high school seniors reported past-month use, versus 28.5 in 2013. That’s a 48.1 percent increase. The use rate among high school juniors in this region jumped from 22.3 percent to 33.4 percent, a 49.8 percent increase.
Given that the health of American youth is in question and that so many states base their policies on reports issued by the State of Colorado, it is important to understand what the 2015 Healthy Kids Colorado Survey (HKCS) actually tells us.
Marijuana Industry buys Colorado petition companies, Makes petitioners sign No Compete Clause
We’re hearing news out of Colorado that marijuana proponents have bought off all of the petition companies and have made petitioners sign a no compete clause which essentially makes it impossible for Anti-legalization groups to petition for push back initiatives.”They were offering $75,000 to $200,0000, depending on size of each company, to get contracts that say they will not gather signatures for this ballot measure,” said attorney and former Colorado House Speaker Frank McNulty.
Marijuana Regulation a Scary Chaotic Mess?
By: Gale Scott, 5-19-16
The current legal climate in which several states are defying the law with apparent impunity is “a scary chaotic mess,” Richard Bonnie, JD, a lawyer with a long association with the American Psychiatric Association said, one in which “marijuana prohibition has unraveled.” “Can we put the genie back in the bottle?,” Bonnie asked, speaking at the group’s 2016 annual meeting in Atlanta, GA.Bonnie’s analysis was filled with dire warnings about the consequences of legalized marijuana for public health. There is as yet sparse evidence if any that cannabis has any medical value, he said, despite the public’s enthusiasm. “Medical marijuana has been a Trojan horse,” he said, a way for those who would profit from recreational use sales to get into the game by promoting the herb as having healing powers.
Those negative consequences he said can be “psychosis, cognitive impairment and poor school performance, and risk of depression and suicidal ideation.” “A worrisome proportion of users use it intensively and develop diagnosable disorders,” he said, “they are the causalities and [the incidence] may be higher than with alcohol.”
Medical marijuana use is legal in many states-despite federal drug laws that still make it a Drug Enforcement Agency Schedule 1 controlled substance and a paucity of research showing cannabis has any benefits for users beyond getting high.
MARIJUANA AND MENTAL HEALTH
ONDCP Press Conference: MARIJUANA AND YOUR TEEN’S MENTAL HEALTH
Nat’l Press Club, Wash DC, 5/3/05 SAMHSA/ONDCP
Neil McKeganey, PhD Professor of Drug Misuse Research and Director,Centre for Drug Misuse Research Glasgow Univ, Glasgow, Scotland UK
Mental Health & Marijuana / Anti Marijuana Educational Video. Public service announcement public domain video: ONDCP Press Conference: Marijuana and Your Teen’s Mental Health. When: 5/3/2005. Sponsor: SAMHSA/ONDCP. Experts Alert Parents About Mental Health Harms of Teens’ Marijuana Use.Mental health experts and scientists joined high-ranking government officials to discuss an emerging body of research that identifies clear links between marijuana use and mental health disorders, including depression, suicidal thoughts and schizophrenia.
This pot-focused educational course should be taught in every school district across America, not JUST one school in the country.
OAK CREEK, Colo. — The students are seventh graders in the first pot-focused education course in Colorado, created by school counselor Molly Lotz and teacher Sarah Grippa, co-founders of the Marijuana Education Initiative. Its message to the kids — that pot can damage your still-developing brain — is critical, Grippa said, and the students get that.
America’s drug experiment has been a disaster”
by: Melanie Phillips (The London Times) 4-27-16
Scientists from Britain, the US, Europe and Australia recently warned that the threat to mental health from heavy cannabis use was serious enough to warrant a global public health campaign. Study after study has flagged up the damage cannabis does to users and others in their ambit. Long-term potheads display on average an eight-point decline in IQ over time, a higher risk of psychosis and permanent brain damage.
The legalisation of cannabis financed by Soros and encouraged by Obama will lead to social decay, writes Melanie Phillips in the Times. ARTICLE BY MELANIE PHILLIPS, 26 April 2016… Fresh research has shown once again that cannabis is intensely harmful.
You Can’t Deny Marijuana is Dangerous for Developing Minds
Dr. Diane McIntosh
Psychiatrist and clinical assistant professor at the University of British Columbia
4-8-16 Vancouver, B.C. (Huff Post-Parents)
The impact of THC on a developing brain can be profound and life-altering. Adolescence is a time of massive brain remodeling, when brain cells (neurons) are pruned and critical connections are made. Most mental illnesses first present during this remodeling phase. A href=”https://scholar.google.ca/citations?view_op=view_citation&hl=en&user=0UsOn-QAAAAJ&sortby=pubdate&citation_for_view=0UsOn-QAAAAJ:Wp0gIr-vW9MC” target=”_blank”>2016 study reviewed 31 scientific papers and reported compelling evidence that high THC levels found in street pot alters brain structure, size and function, especially for frequent, heavy users. Neurons in brain areas that are rich in cannabinoid 1 (THC) receptors are damaged or destroyed by THC. This includes neurons in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), hippo-campus and amygdala. The PFC is necessary for mature adult behavior. It’s the brain’s executive, responsible for organizing, planning, forward thinking and critical thinking. If you have a teenager, you know their PFC isn’t fully developed; for most people that happens by age 25. THC is a neurotoxin — it damages neurons in critical brain areas like the PFC — and the amount of damage is directly correlated with smoking frequency and the age when pot use begins. There must be an agenda behind those who argue that mountains of scientific research is wrong. Perhaps it’s to bolster confidence in their personal use of pot, whether employed for pleasure or as treatment. Perhaps it’s for financial gain, since teens are the largest pot market. There is simply no evidence-based, cogent argument for pot’s social good, especially for teens. No one should tell a parent that pot is safe for their child.
Physicians have not effectively confronted pot-related myths, nor have we adequately educated our patients. When I tell parents about marijuana’s risks, they often express shock. Many believe it’s like oregano… a safe “natural product” that adds a little spice to life. But pot is not benign.
11:00 min Podcast interview with Sir Professor Robin Murray: NOT TO BE MISSED
Here is a very candid viewpoint expressed by a frustrated British schizophrenia expert (Sir Professor Robin Murray, MD) who clearly doesn’t understand why Americans would undertake the legalization experiment underway in Colorado, Alaska, Oregon, Washington state and D.C. when so much science points towards serious mental health harm. At the end of the interview he states: ” I think we should wait and see what happens in the US. I say doing research on monkey and rats is very expensive, you have to look after them, keep them in cages. Americans are doing it for free. So we just wait and see what happens in Colorado, more psychosis, and more road traffic accidents. We should be cautious.”
Announcer – “Lab rats. Human lab rats.”
Murray – “American lab rats for free.”
A leading psychiatrist explains the latest research on cannabis.
Harmless? Marijuana-induced psychosis on the upswing
By Josh Kerns, KIRO Radio Reporter | February 26, 2016
Duane Stone is a veteran Seattle mental health specialist. He’s seeing a surprising increase in patients experiencing psychotic episodes as well. Many have never had any mental health problems before. “I get lots of first break kind where this person doesn’t have an experience with mental illness, they don’t have a diagnosis, they’re 30 or 40-years-old. And the only thing they’ve been doing has been smoking marijuana for the last year or two,” Stone said.
Since our state’s legalization of marijuana, more people are getting high, believing pot is completely harmless. But mental health professionals are seeing a dramatic increase in problems caused by pot, especially in young people. They worry the lack of awareness about its risks will only make matters worse.